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The Rise and Fall of VinFast: A Closer Look at What Happened


VinFast, the Vietnamese automaker founded by one of the country’s richest men, made headlines late last year when it debuted on the stock market with a staggering valuation of $85 billion. The IPO was hailed as a momentous occasion for Vietnam’s economy, with investors scrambling to get a piece of the action. However, that euphoria was short-lived, as VinFast’s shares plummeted, losing almost half their value in a matter of weeks. In this blog post, we take a closer look at what happened, how VinFast went from being the belle of the ball to the butt of the joke, and what we can learn from its meteoric rise and fall.

What was behind VinFast’s IPO success?

On the surface, VinFast’s IPO seemed like a massive success. The automaker was valued at a mind-boggling $85 billion, making it one of the most valuable companies in Vietnam and the world. The company had generated buzz from investors who saw VinFast as a potential challenger to giants like Tesla, with its ambitious goal of producing 500,000 electric vehicles by 2025. However, many experts soon started to question the sky-high valuation, with some warning that VinFast’s balance sheet was paper-thin.

VinFast's shares surge in Nasdaq debut for Vietnam EV maker | Reuters

What happened after the IPO?

VinFast’s shares were initially well-received by investors, with the stock jumping over 20% in its first few weeks on the market. However, the company’s fortunes soon changed. The stock began to tumble, with shares dropping by almost half their value by March 2021. A number of factors contributed to this decline, including the global chip shortage, a lack of profitability, and concerns over VinFast’s corporate governance.

What were the reasons for the decline?

One of the primary reasons for VinFast’s decline was the global chip shortage that has plagued the automotive industry for the past year. VinFast had to delay the launch of its first electric vehicle, the VF e34, due to a lack of semiconductors. The company had also promised to deliver its first vehicle to the US market by 2022, but this timeline is now in doubt. Additionally, VinFast’s financials were not as strong as many investors had hoped. The automaker had yet to turn a profit and was still burning through cash at an alarming rate.

What can we learn from VinFast’s rise and fall?

VinFast’s IPO is a cautionary tale of what can happen when hype and speculation trump fundamentals. The company’s valuation was based largely on promises and projections, rather than tangible results. When investors realized that VinFast was not in as strong a financial position as they had thought, the stock price plummeted. Additionally, VinFast’s corporate governance practices were called into question, further eroding investor confidence. Ultimately, what we can learn from VinFast’s story is that a company’s success is built on more than just hype and buzz. A solid balance sheet, a strong business plan, and transparent governance practices are all key ingredients for a successful IPO.

Vinfast, electric vehicle company, gains momentum in America - dot.LA


The rise and fall of VinFast is a sobering reminder of the dangers of overvaluing a company that has yet to prove itself. While the automaker’s ambitious goals and promises generated a lot of excitement, real sustainability requires more than just grand visions and bold claims. Investors need to focus on tangible results, solid finances, and transparent governance practices to make informed decisions. With this lesson in mind, the hope is that future IPOs will be more grounded in reality, with realistic valuations and expectations backed by solid fundamentals.